One thing that GNU/Linux users are familiar with is the concept of a “package manager”. A package manager is a tool that keeps track of software for you. It installs it, uninstalls it, upgrades it, etc. On macOS there isn’t any package manager installed by default (perhaps the App Store could be seen as some form of package manager?), so for all you macOS users out there I highly recommend you install Homebrew.
All you have to do is literally paste this into your terminal, and then follow the instructions:
/bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install.sh)"
Install/upgrade software on a remote server without admin rights
The above script also works on remote Linux servers. If you run this script, then you will get a folder “.linuxbrew” in your home user folder which will contain all your programs. This is nice to have if your server runs old software e.g. old git versions (I’m looking at you, CentOS!).
Using Homebrew 🍺
On the command line, type e.g.
brew search firefox to search for “firefox”, you can search for any software you like.
For command line utilities (“formulas”), these are installed with
brew install wget (to install the formula
for proper software applications (“casks”) like Firefox, these are installed with
brew cask install firefox.
I recommend installing all your software with Homebrew since it is much easier to keep track of programs och your system this way, and a nice feature is that you can upgrade all programs in one sweep by just typing
brew upgrade and hit Enter in your terminal.
To list all installed formulas, just type
brew list, and for casks type
brew cask list.